Elder Abuse and Police Interventions: IPAM Model Deployed in Montreal

Beginning this May, the entire Service de Police de la Ville de Montréal (SPVM) will be applying the IPAM model, an acronym for Intervention policière auprès des aînés maltraités (police interventions with mistreated older adults). This model is based on the results of a large-scale action-research project conducted since 2013 by the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults led by Researcher Marie Beaulieu.


The Research Chair has worked in partnership with the Research and Strategic Planning Division of the SPVM. Thanks to this work, all SPVM police officers working in neighbourhood stations and in investigation centres are better equipped to prevent, detect, and report cases of elder abuse; to intervene and ensure follow-ups with victims; and to refer them to appropriate resources or accompany them through the legal process.

Police will apply a new approach, handling all cases of elder abuse, whether or not they are criminal in nature. Thanks to collaboration with workers in the field, elder victims will come under the care of the public and community health and social services network.

"The model was developed, launched as a pilot and evaluated to produce a long-term model of police practice that can be adapted for other police services," noted Researcher Marie Beaulieu.


Since May 2015, the IPAM model has been progressively implemented in the SPVM. In less than a year, Montreal's police officers have contributed to a growing number of successes on the ground. Compared to the practices of other Canadian police services, Montréal's model proposes the development of an organizational culture to combat elder abuse across the entire service, with no need to establish a specialized unit. Moreover, this model can be used in other police services or for other social issues requiring a concerted effort from various players (e.g., in mental health or to counter domestic violence).

... that are exportable

For this reason, the Research Chair and the SPVM plan to share the IPAM model with the scientific community and other police corps. Moreover, it should be noted that the IPAM model appeared in the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2015 World Report on Ageing and Health, cited as an example of initiatives from Quebec in the chapter entitled Next steps.

The IPAM model stems from the analysis of 10 data collection exercises carried out in 2013 and 2014 on existing successful police practices (in Quebec, in Canada and around the world) and on the SPVM's current practices and the needs they identified. The research team analyzed 160 scientific articles and government publications. It also consulted 46 police services, 32 partners and 807 SPVM officers.

Using the results of this broad study, the SPVM developed tools such as training modules, operational methods, a procedure for intervening with elders, and a reference guide for patrol officers and responders to help them detect cases of elder abuse and refer victims to available resources. The tools will mainly be used to guide police work and help officers respond as effectively as possible to situations of elder abuse.

This project has received $700,000 in funding from the Government of Canada as part of its New Horizons for Seniors Program. The Research Chair is receiving an additional $50,000 to disseminate the IPAM model and to propose it to other cities which may be interested in adopting it.

Source: News Release of the City of Montreal

Photo, from left to right: Michelle Côté, Head of the SPVM's Research and Strategic Planning Division; Didier Deramond, Deputy Chief of the Service de police de la ville de Montréal (SPVM); Jean-Yves Duclos, Minister of Families, Children and Social Development (Government of Canada); the Honourable Denis Coderre, Mayor of Montréal; Anie Samson, Chair of the Public Safety Commission and Vice-President of the Executive Committee of Montréal. On the mic: Prof. Marie Beaulieu, Chairholder of the Research Chair on Mistreatment of Older Adults

For further information:

+ Press release

+ Watch the press conference

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